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Several drying methods of Chrysanthemum

2019-1-3 9:10:32 Views

Chrysanthemum: in plant taxonomy, it is the perennial perennial root of Compositae and chrysanthemum herb According to the cultivation form, it can be divided into Polygonum multiflorum, duben chrysanthemum, Dali chrysanthemum, cliff chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum There are three types of cultivation Press The appearance of petals is divided into three types Yuanbao Retreat Back embrace Embrace Open heart embrace Flying in the afternoon And so on. Chrysanthemums in different types are also named for various varieties.  

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Growth environment

Chrysanthemum is a short day plant, which can bloom earlier in short day. I like sunshine, Avoid shade Early tolerance Afraid of waterlogging. It likes warm and humid climate, but it is also resistant to cold. In severe winter, rhizomes can overwinter underground. The flower can withstand the frost, but the seedling growth and branch budding stage Need higher The temperature. The optimum growth temperature is About 20 ℃.

Chrysanthemum has strong adaptability, likes to cool, cold resistant, suitable temperature for growth The temperature tolerance limit of underground rhizome is generally - 10 ℃. The lowest night temperature at flowering stage is 17 ℃, and it can be reduced to 15-13 ℃ at flowering stage. It's sunny, but I like it. It is dry resistant, Avoid waterlogging Like high dry, deep soil layer, rich in humus, easy and fertile and good drainage sandy loam. From slightly acidic to neutral In the earth Both of them can grow, and Ph6.6. Avoid continuous production. Autumn chrysanthemum is a long night plant. It can grow vegetatively under 14.5 hours of sunshine every day. The dark of more than 12 hours a day and the night temperature of 100 ℃ are suitable for flower bud development. However, different varieties have different responses to sunlight.

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Distribution range

Chrysanthemum is widely distributed in China's cities and rural areas, especially in China Beijing Nanjing , Shanghai, Hangzhou, Qingdao, Tianjin, Kaifeng, Wuhan, Chengdu, Changsha, Xiangtan, Xi'an, Shenyang, Guangzhou, Nanyang city Neixiang County And Xiaolan Town, Zhongshan City. Around the 8th century, chrysanthemum as an ornamental spread from China to Japan, and was praised as the design of the national emblem of Japan. In the late 17th century, Dutch merchants introduced Chinese chrysanthemum into Europe, France in the 18th century and North America in the mid-19th century. Since then, Chinese chrysanthemums have spread all over the world.

Drying method:

  1. Natural drying: It is to spread the picked flowers evenly on the clean cement ground, let the wind blow, sun dry and dry naturally It takes 7-10 days to complete the work, which is the most commonly used method in rural areas. The advantages are: simple, convenient, the flower smell good, but can not guarantee the color of the flower, later preservation is also prone to insects, flowers will be broken during transportation.
    2. Drying in shade: This is the method stipulated in medical books, that is, directly spread the flowers evenly in a dry and ventilated place (such as upstairs Empty room Let it dry naturally, the process will take about It takes 20 days to dry, but it also takes 10 days to dry.
    3、 Steam first and then Sun drying: steam the flowers 15-20 minutes, and then spread it evenly on the clean cement ground, let the wind blow, the sun, natural drying, the advantages are: drying speed is fast, after high-temperature sterilization and killing insects, later preservation does not produce insects, flowers Steaming The flower will shrink naturally and the flower should not be broken during transportation. The disadvantage is that the color and shape of the flower will change greatly, mother chrysanthemum The unique aroma will also be unnatural, inclined to the smell of Chinese herbal medicine.
    4. Using dryer Drying: this method has the highest cost but the best effect. The advantages are: it can ensure the color, shape and smell of flowers. After high temperature sterilization, it will not produce insects in the later stage, but it will be transported Huayi Fracture. Preservation method: unified management and preservation, After sealing, put it into a brand new white woven bag and keep it in a dry, cool and ventilated place to ensure no insects and moisture.

Sichuan Jieneng drying Chrysanthemum dryer is a hot air drying equipment developed according to the drying curve of chrysanthemum processing. Multiple temperature zones are set in the vertical and horizontal directions of the drying room. Through the accurate detection and control of the temperature in the drying room, the moisture evaporation retention channel of the core part of chrysanthemum is adjusted, so as to shorten the drying cycle and ensure the whole chrysanthemum Flower type To achieve the consistency of internal and external water content and optimization of internal and external quality of chrysanthemum, to achieve high-quality and efficient operation results.

 Jp600.1 chrysanthemum dryer

 

Product features

1. The evaporation efficiency is high, the dry product is full and the color is good.

2、 No sulfur and no residue , environmental protection.

3. Digital display control, easy to operate.

4. Flow operation, labor-saving.

5. Modular design, easy to install.

6. Strong compatibility, can process a variety of materials.

 

key word: Chrysanthemum dryer, dryer equipment, automatic dryer

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